My kids got a kick out of the meaning behind Geronimo's real name. Geronimo was a famous Apache warrior originally named Goyathlay or "The One Who Yawns". He was given the name for his easygoing nature.
In 1858, after Mexican troops killed his family, he led raids against the Mexicans and the U.S. The Mexican troops gave him the name Geronimo. Every time I see his name, it makes me yawn! :D
After learning about the customs of the Apache, Hopi, Navajo, Zuni and Pueblo Indians, we worked on another craft project.
Our project for the lesson was a sand painting but we did NOT do it the way the Navajo medicine man used sand paintings! ;o) He used sand paintings to remove spells the Navajo believed made people ill. The medicine man dyed the sand by mixing pollen, cornmeal, ground charcoal, and powered minerals. Then he painted on the floor of the sick person's hogan (cone shaped home) with the sand and let it dry. The sick person sat on the painting and the medicine man chanted. At the end of the ceremony, he destroyed the picture to get rid of the bad spell.
No sand paintings were sat on during or after the craft project and there were no bad spells cast out of or on anyone, however, a few bad attitudes cropped up when we couldn't get the cornmeal and dye to mix properly!
- plastic cups
- food dyes
Divide the cornmeal equally among the plastic cups. Add several drops of food coloring to each cup to make different colors of "sand". Stir well with spoon. Our colors didn't turn out very vibrant and we used 20 drops of food coloring for each cup of color. It took a bit of patience to stir the color into the cornmeal.
Use the pencil to lightly sketch a picture on the cardboard.